Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual. Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group, while opposing external interference upon one's own interests by society or institutions such as the government. Individualism is often contrasted with totalitarianism or collectivism.
Individualism makes the individual its focus and so starts "with the fundamental premise that the human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation."Liberalism, existentialism, and anarchism are examples of movements that take the human individual as a central unit of analysis. Individualism thus involves "the right of the individual to freedom and self-realization".
It has also been used as a term denoting "The quality of being an individual; individuality" related to possessing "An individual characteristic; a quirk." Individualism is thus also associated with artistic and bohemian interests and lifestyles where there is a tendency towards self-creation and experimentation as opposed to tradition or popular mass opinions and behaviors as so also with humanist philosophical positions and ethics.
People in more collectivist cultures were more likely to wear masks than people in relatively individualistic cultures, new research has found ... individualistic cultures to wear masks during the COVID-19 pandemic, highlighting the role of culture in people's response to crises.
LYNDON CENTER — “It was clear when the pandemic really took hold in our country last spring that I needed to embed new pedagogical approaches in movement and non-movement learning tasks in my dance curriculum,” explains Rebecca McGregor, Lyndon Institute’s dance teacher of 18 years ... The dances will be housed on the dance pages for Lyndon Institute.
A curious pattern emerges when viewing the worldwide number of COVID-19 cases and deaths by country. At the top of the list of most deaths and new cases are various countries around the world with no obvious pattern appearing based on geography ... Those countries include China, Japan and the Republic of Korea, Singapore, and Vietnam ... .
The more individualistic a country, the more COVID-19 cases and deaths it had. Citizens in more individualistic societies were also less likely to adhere to epidemic prevention measures ... However, they found the pandemic’s impact has been greater “in individualistic societies where people care less for the greater good.”.
how individualist or collectivist a society is, how indulgent it is, what its attitudes towards power and change are, how it deals with uncertainty, and how masculine or feminine its values are ... However, on Hofstede's scale, present-day Germany and Italy are both individualist societies, even if the UK and US top the scale.